Day 1 :
- Track 01: Clinical Nutrition & Sports Nutrition Track 02: Malnutrition and Nutritional Disorders Track 03: Plant Nutrition, Nutrition- Health and Choice Track 04: Diet in Obesity & Gastrointestinal Disorders
Cen Nutriment Dijon, France
Medical doctor specialised in Public Health, PhD in biostatistics and Pharm D, Pr Francois-André Allaert is strongly involved in the field of medical evaluation and especially in the evaluation of health claim. He is managing a human clinical center specifically approved by French health authorities for food supplement and enriched food evaluation. He is also managing the chair for health claim medical evaluation at the burgundy university of Dijon. He is authors of more than 1500 scientific oral communications and publications among which 210 are pubmed referred.
In the European Regulation 1924/2006 and especially its first recital; the evaluation of health claims (HC) by European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) was introduced so as “to ensure a high level of consumer protection, [and] give the consumer the necessary information to make choices in full knowledge of the facts…” Now, with 10 years of hindsight since the Regulation was adopted, it can be asked whether EFSA HC process of evaluation that led to a marginal number of accepted claims is consistent with this objective, not just for protecting consumers but for allowing them to decide freely and make informed choices.
The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that the inclusion of a ranking of the weight of evidence in the assessment of EFSA’s scientific substantiation of HC would allow consumers to benefit from the very high standard of scientific evaluation performed by EFSA.
The definition of standards of proof is a generalized practice and rests on the principle that evaluations of health practices should be understood in terms of descriptions ranging from formal proof from high-power double-blind placebo-controlled studies to rankings based on the consensus views of experts or even agreement among professionals. Grading of weight of evidence – not of scientific expertise – is pervasive in all the recommendations or consensus meetings of health authorities or learned societies. This approach would stimulate research and product innovation as industrials would see a positive return on investment.
The transition from an all-or-nothing system of health claims to a system graded by weight of evidence would be an alternative to the current system. This approach would be more consistent with the rationale of European Regulation which aims both to provide consumers with the best possible information by giving them the opportunity to exercise their free will in full knowledge of the facts and to promote research that meets sound scientific and medical grounds providing a basis for such information.
Territorial Nephrology – Cagliari - Italy
Director of the Territorial Nephrology Department – Cagliari Italy from 20 years. Main veiw researches: new and advanced dialytic techniques; prevention of Chronic Renal diseases by nutritional and pre-dialysis teams. spending review of methodologies and pharmaco economy. From 1998 I was using and improving combined nutritional and tailored dialysis; guidelines of water for dialysis, peritoneal dialysis. Reviewer of international journals: Kidney International, Nephron, Nephrology Dialysis and Transplantation, Journal of Nephrology, American Journal of Kidney Disease, Artificial Organs, BMC Nephrology ; Member of Editorial Boarding of Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia, Journal of Nephrology, Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, Clinical Nephrology. International Journal of Artificial Organs. Member of Italian Society of Nephrology from 1980. Author / co-author of 374 scientific publications and abstracts of Nephrology 68 on med-line.
It is largely agreed that preservation of residual kidney function (RKF) has a directly proportional affect on general, and in particular cardiovascular mortality. The prolongation of RKF depend to a rigorous hypoproteic regimen especially in phosphate contents because of a significative output urinary of phosphate that continues despite of a severe decrease of residual kidney function. The RKF > 3 ml/Kg/die 1.73 s.m. and nutritional compliance allows to choose a new hemodialytic strategy called Infrequent Hemodialysis (ID) as both as once-weekly (CDDP) or twice-weekly hemodialysis. The nutritional regimen and phosphaturia has been frequently underestimated. The excessive proteic charge and hyperphosphataemia load and damage residual nephrons. We compared general survival, nutritional and clinical parameters, phosphate pool balance between three patients cohorts: 10 on thrice weekly, 10 on two weekly and 9 on once weekly hemodialysis patients. We collected over 250 urine collections in patients with RKF. The hemodialysis patients on ID who adhere accurately to a low protein diet of 0.6-0.8 g/Kg/day and phosphate intake 800-1000 mg/die. In view of the significant impact produced by inadequate nutrition and poor phosphate control on both RKF and the frequency of even severe cardiovascular effects, infrequent dialysis with its negative or neutral weekly phosphate balance, may constitute a valid “bridging” treatment even in the long-term. Nutritional approach and neutral phosphate control improved well being and the survival rates (fig.1) compared respect to patients receiving conventional thrice-weekly hemodialysis.
Asuman Gölgeli has specialized in behavioral physiology and neurophysiology in experimental animals. She has developed anxiety and depression models in mice and rats, starvation and obesity models, as well as food addiction models and has conducted research projects in these fields at Erciyes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology. Her area of study includes; Evaluation of behavioral parameters , testing of learning and memory, somatic sensations, pain threshold, startle reflex and gender roles in experimental animals.
Statement of the Problem: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a major flavor enhancer used as a food additive. It’s toxic effects causes a defect in apoptosis,learning and memory mechanisms.In the previous studies, it’s effects on behaviour change, addiction, pain threshold, reference and working memory is insufficient. Therefore in our study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of MSG on anxiety, locomotor activity, addictive behavior, pain threshold, memory and some blood parameters in male and female rats over a long period of time.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Wistar albino rats were used in this study. Experimental group had MSG added to their tap water for 12 weeks ( 250 mg/ kg MSG/ 0.5 L). Control group had only water.After 12 weeks behavioral parameters were evaluated in an open field apparatus. Reference and working memory were evaluated in three panel runway test. Pain threshold was measured by hot plate tail flick and von Frey filament tests. Addictive behaviors were evaluated in conditioned place prefererence test. Anxiety and panic behavior by elevated T-maze.
Findings: MSG consumption significantly increases locomotor activity in male and female rats. Significant delay in hot plate test paw licking behavior and tail withdrawal behavior in tail flick test (p<0.001), a significant decrease in their body weight and the amount of food consumed(p<0.05), reference and working memory negatively (p<0.05) effected in MSG group, in conditioned place preference test time spent on target region “MSG with water “ as to non-target “ no substance“ is significantly greater (p<0.05).The blood glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol levels increased (p<0.05) in rats consuming MSG.
Conclusion & Significance: 12 weeks of consuming tap water with MSG has negative effects; increased locomotor activity, curiosity behavior, pain threshold caused anxiety, panic, addictive behavior. Glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride levels are elevated. Effects were observed regardless of gender. By studying cognitive function and addiction of the median eminence, and relating them to reproductive status, we are able to increase our understanding of the potential role of the hypothalamus in reproductive senescence in female mammals.
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
Francisco J Señoráns has developed his research and teaching career in Food Science and Technology in different Spanish and international institutions during the last 25 years. He served in Madrid (CSIC and UAM) and at Uppsala University (Sweden) as Researcher and Lecturer for two years. He has Chemical Sciences PhD and since 2002 he is Professor Titular (Associate Professor) at Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain), where he has been responsible of several research projects and contracts with industry. He was In-charge of the management and creation of the Joint Institute in Food Science Research (CIAL) as a Co-director since its foundation in July 2007. He is co-author of more than 100 publications of international impact (SCI) with h index of 31 (Web of Science) and of several international patents transferred to industry. In 2001, he received the Prize "Archer Daniels" granted by the AOCS. At present, he directs a research team with a sound record of research contract with food and pharma industry, in projects related with healthy lipids, including omega-3 fractionation and enrichment of fish and marine oils, microalgae components extraction with compressed fluids and supercritical technology, and enzymatic technologies for structured lipids, hipocaloric oils, and phospholipids.
Omega-3 fatty acids like EPA and DHA play a vital role in health and correct nutrition, especially during fetal and infant growth. Omega-3 acids are also important for reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases and prevention of nervous system and inflammatory diseases. Health authorities along the world have promoted the intake of foods that contain higher amounts of omega-3 fatty long chain acids and a favorably ratio ω6/ω3 essential fatty acids. Subsequently, in recent years, there has been a growing interest in alternative sources of omega-3 oils, like new oilseeds (chia (Salvia hispanica L.), camelina (Camelina sativa L.), etc.) and microalgae like Nannochloropsis, Isochrysis and others. Modern extraction techniques such as pressurized liquids extraction (PLE) with “green” solvents have advantages over traditional techniques for oil extraction and allow the replacement of hexane as solvent. At the same time, food enrichment with omega-3 oils requires the protection of the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) during all the process. Different strategies to this aim include use of synergic antioxidants and microencapsulation of oils. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in microencapsulation for a variety of applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries to protect the active substances, and simultaneously, provide a controlled release of the active substances, masking its unpleasant taste and smell and allowing new forms of delivery of bioactive compounds, such as in this case, healthy lipids with omega-3 in solid form. In addition, the new omega-3 oils are used to produce structured lipids by enzymatic modification, with improved health and nutritional properties that can also be microencapsulated for food enrichment, producing healthy lipids with desired characteristics to improve the lipid profile of final food products.
Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland
Christine Brombach is working as Lecturer at the Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation at Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland since 2009. She received a degree in Home Economics and Nutrition from the University of Giessen, Germany and a Master of Science in Nutrition with a major in Gerontology from Manhattan, KS, USA. She did her PhD at the University of Giessen, Germany on the topic of “eating behaviour in the life course of women over the age of 65 years”. She was project coordinator of the Nutrition Survey II at the Max Rubner Institute, Karlsruhe in Germany before she moved to Switzerland.
Statement of the Problem: Eating behavior is predominantly learnt in childhood during socialization, growing up in a cultural context. Family, parents, (great) grandparents play an integral important role. Development of meals, eating practices should be considered in the context of intergenerational influences. It was the aim of this qualitative study to investigate influences on eating behaviour in a German family living in South-West Germany. The family is unique, most of descendants of the “parents” (F1) (born end of 19th century) still live in proximity. F2 are children, F3 grandchildren, F4 great grandchildren, F5 great great grandchildren. F1 parents had 15 children (two daughters still alive, 90, 86 years), there are 32 grandchildren, 50 great grandchildren and F5 (as today) more than 10 great great grandchildren.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: A written survey was conducted with as many family members as possible and where feasible in depth qualitative interviews were conducted. Thereby a hermeneutic interpretation cycle was used to develop themes and topics on meals and meal practices.
Findings: At present the study is still ongoing. Preliminary findings: The predominant role of women in meal preparation, use of family recipes, rituals can be traced into the F4 generation. It seems that the matrilineal dissemination of meal structures and meanings, family recipes, use of cherished cookbooks, rituals is stronger than in the patrilineal way.
Conclusion & Significance: This is a pilot and exploratory study so results may not be generalized and should be interpreted with caution. Nevertheless, some aspects and comparison with other studies are striking such as a previously conducted three generation approach in German sample, where also similarities can be traced within a three generational approach. So far very few studies have been conducted in a three generational approach let alone in multi-generational approach in one family. Findings might help to better understand onset of eating practices.
Scripps Clinic, USA
Gauree G Konijeti is a Gastroenterologist specializing in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) at Scripps Clinic in San Diego, CA. She is the Head of the Scripps Clinic Inflammatory Bowel Disease Program as well as a KL2 Clinical-Translational Scholar at the Scripps Translational Science Institute and the Scripps Research Institute. She is trained in Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, and completed her Internal Medicine residency at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and the UCLA West Los Angeles VA Hospital, and attended Medical School at the University of Pennsylvania. She holds a Master of Public Health degree from the University of California, Los Angeles. She conducts research evaluating the role of diet and nutrition for IBD, as well Genetics and Epigenetics, Epidemiology and cost-effective treatments for IBD. She is a member of the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America, the American College of Gastroenterology and the American Gastroenterological Association.
Introduction: Recent data suggest that dietary modification can improve clinical responses in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). The goal of this study was to determine the tolerability and efficacy of an autoimmune protocol (AIP) diet in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).
Methods: We have enrolled 18 adult patients with IBD with mild-moderate disease activity (HBI ≥ 5 or partial Mayo score ≥ 3), and objective evidence of active disease (endoscopy within 7 months and/or elevated fecal calprotectin (FC) within 1 month). Three patients withdrew prior to study start due to inability to commit to dietary change. Participants transitioned to the AIP diet over 6 weeks (elimination of grains, legumes, nightshades, dairy, eggs, coffee, alcohol, nuts and seeds, and refined/processed sugars, oils, and food additives) and then maintained the diet for 5 additional weeks. Serial laboratories, fecal calprotectin, microbiome and transcriptome analyses were performed. Endoscopy, radiology, and/or biomarker assessment were performed at study completion to assess for mucosal healing.
Results: The final cohort included 9 patients with CD and 6 with UC. Mean IBD duration was for 19 years (SD 14.6) and active biologic use is in 7 patients. Nutrient repletion was initiated for deficiencies in vitamin D (n=3) and iron (n=6). From week 0 to 6, mean partial Mayo score improved from 5.8 (SD 1.2) to 1.2 (SD 2.0) (p<0.01) Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin d, vitamin d binding protein, and risk of colorectal cancer in the nurses' health study. Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 9(8): 664-72.for UC, and mean HBI score improved from 7 (SD 1.5) to 3.6 (SD 2.1) (p<0.01). At baseline, CRP was normal (<10) in 66% (10/15). Among those, with labs completed at baseline and week 6, mean CRP (n=11) improved from 8.3 to 7.0 (p=0.46), and mean FC (n=5) improved from 412 (range 80-1078) to 196 (range 0-758) (p=0.36). Among those with follow-up endoscopy at week 11 (n=7), improvements were noted in SES-CD (n=1), Rutgeerts score (n=1), and Mayo endoscopy subscore (n=4). No significant changes in lipid profile were observed at week 6. One patient with ileal CD with stricture withdrew due to worsening symptoms.
Discussion: From this study, it was known that dietary elimination has the potential to improve symptoms and endoscopic inflammation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. And larger randomized trials are needed to validate these findings.
Fernando Cordido has qualified in Medicine and Surgery and obtained his PhD (Summa cum Laude) at the University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. He has made his specialization in Endocrinology and Nutrition at the Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, Autonoma University, Madrid, Spain. He is a Professor (Full) of Endocrinology and Nutrition at University of A Coruña and Specialist in Endocrinology and Nutrition at Hospital A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain. His main research interest is obesity and diabetes clinical and experimental, neuroendocrinology and pituitary diseases, growth hormone and ghrelin regulation and actions. He has published more than 200 peer-reviewed scientific articles, books and book chapters. He has received 10 scientific awards. He has received continuous research support as Principal Investigator over the last 20 years from different agencies.
Statement of the problem: Metabolic substrates and nutritional status play a major role in growth hormone (GH) secretion. Adiposity is associated with decreased growth hormone secretion. The mechanism of altered GH secretion in obesity is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism responsible for the GH hyposecretion in obesity.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The primary cause of impaired GH secretion in obesity could be an altered hypothalamus, abnormal pituitary function, or a perturbation of the peripheral signals acting at either the pituitary or hypothalamic level. We have reviewed the different clinical and experimental studies about the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for the GH hyposecretion in obesity.
Findings: Studies with the cholinergic agonist pyridostigmine support the idea that obesity is associated with a state of chronic somatostatin hypersecretion. The reduction of free fatty acids with acipimox enhanced GHRH-mediated and GHRH-plus GHRP-6-mediated GH release in obesity suggests that high free fatty acids contribute for the disrupted GH secretion. In obese patients there is a marked GH secretion after ghrelin alone or combined with GHRH. In addition, significant correlations have been found between the different indices of post-oral glucose GH and ghrelin secretion. These data suggest that ghrelin is a physiological regulator of GH in the post-oral glucose state, and that the decreased ghrelin secretion, present in obesity, could be one of the mechanisms responsible for altered GH secretion. The functional hyposomatotropism of obesity should be considered in the clinical evaluation of GH secretion. The reduced GH secretion of obesity has been associated with several cardiovascular risk factors although a cause-and-effect relationship has yet to be established.
Conclusions: The pathophysiological mechanism responsible for GH hyposecretion in obesity is multifactorial, and there is probably a chronic state of somatostatin hypersecretion, increased free fatty acids and decreased ghrelin.
Caroline Dani is a Graduate at Biomedicina from Centro Universitário Feevale (2004), and she did her Master’s in General Biology from Universidade de Caxias do Sul (2006) and PhD in General Biology from Universidade de Caxias do Sul (2008). She has experience in Nutrition, focusing on Nutritional Biochemistry, acting on the following subjects: Suco, Orgânico,Convencional, Polifenóis, Antioxida, Antioxidante, Biologia Molecular, Suco De Uva And Estresse Oxidativo, Flavonóides and Hipertensão Porta.I
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of grape juice intake and high fat diet on gestational weight gain, biochemical profile and parameters of oxidative stress in brain (cortex, cerebellum and hippocampus). All procedures performed in these experiments were authorized by the animal ethics committee through the protocol number 009/2014 of Methodist University Center IPA. We observed that the grape juice consumption during the pregnancy provoke a reduction on weight gain during this period compared to the control group. About the lipid profile, we observed that the high fat diet induced an increase on LDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglycerides levels, and a decrease on HDL-cholesterol level. In the hepatic damage markers, we observed that the grape juice consumption was capable to reduce the ALT and AST levels. All these analyses were performed on serum. In brain, we observed that the grape juice consumption reduced the lipid peroxidation in cerebral cortex and cerebellum, any difference was observed in hippocampus. The protein oxidation was decreased in the hippocampus from the dams that received grape juice. Also, the grape juice consumption during the pregnancy reduced the superoxido dismutase activity in hippocampus and cerebellum. In this way, the grape juice consumption increased the antioxidant defense of non-enzymatic (sulphidryl content) in cerebellum. We concluded that the pregnancy dietary choices are very important to improve the health during this period. The intake of grape juice appeared as a good option to reduce the gain weight and also to reduce de oxidative stress damage during this period.
University of Valencia, Spain
Maria J Esteve is an expert in food analysis. She has studied the effect of non-conventional conservation treatments (electrotechnologies, high pressures and ultrasounds) on physicochemical characteristics, nutrients and bioactive compounds of foods of vegetal origin. In her last project she studied the valorization of residues of the food industry with the extraction by non-conventional techniques of bioactive compounds (phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid, carotenes) and colored compounds. She has also studied the possible interactions between the compounds as well as their bioaccessibility and the effect that different technologies can have.
The legislative framework developed in Spain and Europe establishes as a priority the recycling and recovery of waste and by-products against deletion (European Directive 2006/12/EC). In Spain, 6.5 million tons of citrus fruits are produced annually, 30% goes to industrial use. Of the fruits, citrus processed between the 35 and 55% is by-product. These by-products can be exploited to obtain compounds of added value (fiber, composite bioactive, color). In this way, the by-product is valued and inputs reduced. This study evaluates the extraction of compounds colored skin of the orange and its possible use as coloring natural, using the technology of ultrasonic of easy implementation in the industry food. Ultrasonic-assisted extraction is performed with the Qsonica 500 sonicator. It determines the color of extracts by means of the colorimeter ColorQuest XE (HunterLab). The optimization of the process is done using central composite design using three levels to identify the interaction between experimental factors: ultrasonic power (0-400 W), runtime (5-30 min) and percentage of solvent (0 - 50% ethanol in water). The results show that ultrasonidos-assisted extraction allows extracting the highest content of compounds colored without the use of solvents (ethanol). The value of Chroma is 19.0±0.1 when applied a power of 400 W, 5 and 30 min and water as extraction liquid is used. This value of Chroma coincides when grind the sample and extract with a solution of ethanol in water at 50%. In both cases, a value much higher than the one obtained in orange juice (10.8±0. 8). The optimum extraction conditions were as follows: power 370 W, extraction time 5 min and ethanol 34% in water.
St. Scholastica’s College-Manila, Philippines
Christina Isabel F Santisteban has completed her Bachelor of Science degree in Nutrition and Dietetics at St. Scholastica’s College- Manila in 2015. In the same year she received her license as Registered Nutritionist Dietitian. She is currently working as a Wellness Coach/Nutritionist with LiveWell Corporate Solutions Inc.- a company dedicated to provide health and wellness programs to make employees happier and healthier which results to lower attrition and absenteeism among Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) Industries.
The study aimed to determine the prevalence of lifestyle-related diseases (DM, HPN and obesity) and identify the factors associated with it among selected call centre agents in Metro Manila. 310 selected call centre agents were included in the study. Primary data such as weight, height, and body circumference, dietary and physical activity were measured while secondary data were validated from existing records. Pearson correlation was computed for correlation between the independent variables and obesity while Chi-square test was used to determine the association of lifestyle diseases to independent variables. Of the 310 respondents, 8.7% are diabetic while 18.4% are hypertensive. Based on BMI, 61.3% are normal, 14.5% are underweight, and 34.2% are overweight to obese. Based on waist-hip-ratio, 65.2% were at risk and 34.8% have no risk. In terms of diet, majority have inadequate energy intake (71.3%) yet adequate protein intake (76.7%). For physical activity level, more than half (56.5%) were sedentary. For correlation of lifestyle-related diseases and risk factors, all are correlated to each other except for physical activity and energy and protein adequacy. With regards to association, diabetes is associated with age, weight, number of years as a call center agent, BMI and obesity. Hypertension is associated with age, number of years as a call center agent, weight, BMI, waist and hip circumferences, WHR and obesity. Obesity is associated with age, number of years as a call center agent, diabetes and hypertension. Factors associated to lifestyle-related diseases among respondents are age, gender, number of years as a call center agent, BMI, and WHR.
San Diego State University, USA
Shauna Leigh Groven, BS, is a graduate student currently obtaining a Master of Science in Nutritional Sciences at San Diego State University, as well as completing an ACEND-accredited Didactic Program of Dietetics at San Diego State University. She holds a Bachelor of Science in Biology from Oklahoma Christian University. In addition to her graduate studies, Shauna is participating in a research internship at Scripps Clinic in San Diego, CA, where she is studying the effects of diet and nutrition on the clinical course and outcomes in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). She conducts research evaluating diet and vitamin repletion in patients diagnosed with IBD, and performs statistical analysis of patients’ data.
Dietary modification can potentially improve clinical symptoms and quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). In this study of the efficacy of an autoimmune protocol (AIP) diet in patients with IBD, we 1) examined the effect of the AIP diet on symptoms and quality of life, and 2) compared the efficacy of the AIP diet between CD and UC.
We enrolled 18 adult patients with IBD with mild-moderate disease activity (HBI ≥ 5 or partial Mayo score ≥ 3) and objective evidence of active disease (endoscopy within 7 months and/or elevated fecal calprotectin within 1 month). Three patients withdrew prior to study start due to inability to commit to dietary modification. In the 11-week uncontrolled trial, patients transitioned to an AIP diet over 6 weeks, and then maintained the diet for 5 weeks. By week 3, patients eliminated grains, alcohol, legumes, and nightshades. Patients prospectively completed health surveys prior to study start, and at weeks 3, 6, 9, and 11. Rating scale questions were analyzed by mixed design ANOVA using SPSS 24.0.
The final cohort included 15 patients (9 CD, 6 UC), with mean IBD duration of 19 years (SD 14.6) and active biologic use in 7 patients. Nine patients completed surveys at both baseline and week 3. Compared to baseline, there were significant improvements in bowel movement frequency (36%, p=0.04), state of relaxation/free of tension (28%, p=0.01), and performance of leisure/sport activities (29%, p=0.02) at week 3. Surveys indicated nonsignificant improvements in fatigue (45%, p=0.07) and energy (24%, p=0.14), as well as nonsignificant decreases in frequency of abdominal cramps (6%, p=0.53), worry of surgery (5%, p=0.17), fear of not finding a toilet (6%, p=0.39), and irritable mood (18%, p=0.13). Effects of the AIP diet were not significantly different between CD and UC patients, and yielded no significant interaction between time and IBD subtype.
Based on prospective patient-reported health surveys, the AIP diet significantly improved clinical symptoms and quality of life of patients with active CD and UC within the first 3 weeks. Our data suggests dietary change as a feasible and efficacious adjunct to IBD therapy.
Federal University of Goias, Brazil
Ana Gabriella Pereira Alves is a nutritionist graduated from the Federal University of Goiás, Brazil. Completed master’s degree in Health Sciences (Faculty of Medicine/Federal University of Goiás, Brazil) and is currently a PhD student in the same program. Concluded a postgraduate in Sports Nutrition and is a postgraduate student in Functional Clinical Nutrition. Co-author of two book chapters, related to Sports Nutrition, and is anthropometrist ISAK Level 1. Member of the Laboratory of Physiology, Nutrition and Health (Faculty of Physical Education and Dance/Federal University of Goiás, Brazil).
Statement of the problem: Overweight is a worldwide public health problem, including in Brazil, and fruits and vegetables consumption is a way to prevent it. In relation to vitamin C, found mainly in fruits and vegetables, its consumption contributes to the reduction of the inflammatory process associated with overweight.The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between vitamin C intake and obesity in Brazilian adults. Methodology: this cross-sectional study was developed in March 2016 with 31 subjects from Santo Antônio de Goiás, Central-West region of Brazil. This research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of Federal University of Goiás, Brazil. The body fat percentage was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis and the subjects were classified as obese and non-obese. For the assessment of the adequacy of vitamin C intake, were collected 24-hour dietary recalls in three non-consecutive days, including one day of the weekend, considering the average intake. Pearson’s chi-square test was used to compare the prevalence of low vitamin C intake between obese and non-obese. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the association between obesity and vitamin C intake. P values <0.05 were considered significant. Findings: Of the 31 participants, 96.8% were female and the mean age was 41.39 (± 11,36) years. There was a greater prevalence of low vitamin C intake among obese adults (p = 0.006) (Table 1), and the low intake of vitamin C increased the chance of being obesity (OR = 0.060, p = 0.028) (Table 2). Conclusion: The consumption of foods rich in vitamin C should be encouraged among the assessed obese adults, improving the intake of foods with lower energy density and higher antioxidante status, which consenquently will prevent future health problems.