Hae-Jeung Lee is a professor at Gachon University in the Republic of Korea. She graduated and received her Ph.D. from Seoul National University. She worked as a research fellow at Harvard Medical School and Harvard Public Health School. She carried out projects using various national nutrition surveys and health promotion programs and policies upon request from various Korean governmental agencies including the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW), Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC), and the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS). She has conducted numerous randomized clinical trials as well.
Disturbed eating behavior (DEB) might be easily proceeded to pathological eating disorder such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia in adolescents. It has been emphasized to manage DEB during adolescence. The DEBs of students with high academic achievement and high social economic status were scarcely evaluated in Korea. Thus, this study was performed to assess the prevalence of eating disturbances at elite private middle and high schools in Korea. Data were collected under the teacher’s control at elite private middle and high schools (EPS) in Gyeonggi-do, Korea. The total number of participants in middle and high schools was 247 (girls: 64.8%). Only one class of high school was included. Subjects who marked skewed answers such as “double responding” were excluded (n=12). EAT-26 Korean version was used for diagnosis of DEB. DEB was defined as scores of 20 or more on the EAT-26. SPSS version 18 was used for statistical analyses. Further statistical analyses were not able to perform due to the lack of sample distribution on DEB. As the results, in terms of sleep time per day, they slept 5.9 hours on average (boys: 6.5 hours, girls: 5.7 hours) and the total percentage of responding “often” and “very often” in the item “skipping meals in order to save time for studying” was 50.9% (boys: 41.8%, girls: 55.5%). The mean score of EAT-26 was 6.83 in total, 6.16 in boys, and 7.09 in girls. The number of DEB was too low to perform further statistical analyses compared with Korean nationwide adolescents’ DEB (EPS boys: 1.3%, girls: 3.0% VS nationwide boys: 10.5%, girls: 14.8%). Further study regarding eating behaviors for elite private school adolescents is required
SJ Park received her Ph.D degree in 2004 from Seoul National University in Korea and worked for Division of Epidemiology & Health Index, The Korea Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention from 2004 to 2014 as a senior researcher. She is a Assistant Professor at Dept. of Food and Nutrition in Gachon University and Vice-Chief of Institute for Aging and Clinical Nutrition Research. Her research focuse on nutritional epidemiology, nutrigenomics, and cohort study
The association with depression and dietary patterns has been reported in a few studies. This study was conducted to investigate the association between dietary patterns and prevalence of depressive symptoms. Depressive symptomes were assessed using the Beck depression inventory (BDI) and those who BDI score ≥ 16 were defined depression. Food intake over the past year was estimated using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression used to assess the association of dietary patterns with depression. In analysis, 1,625 women (aged 43-73 years) were included. We identified two major dietary patterns by using factor analysis: the healthy and the unhealthy dietary patterns. The healthy dietary pattern characterized by a high intake of vegetables, fishes, mushroom, bean and bean paste, seaweeds, shellfish, fruits and low intake of white rice, carbonated drink, coffee. Compared with participants in the lowest quartiles, those in the highest quartiles had significantly lower odds ratio(OR=0.64, 95% confidence interval 0.41-0.97, p=0.0372) for depression after adjusted for age, body mass index, exercise, smoking, drinking, marital status, total energy intake and chronic diseases status in healthy dietary pattern. This study suggests that adherence to a diet plenty in vegetables, mushroom, bean and bean paste and fruits reduce the risk of depression symptoms in Korean middle-aged and elderly women