Day 2 :
- Poster Presentation
Location: Olimpica 1
Robizon Tsiklauri has good experience in nutritiology, clinical epidemiology and research’s, working during many years in relevant fields, and has made training programs for doctors, which was about problems in Nutritiology and clinical epidemiology issues. He is reading several lectures in High Medical University, attending many popular TV & Radio programs of educating population and Health workers in nutritiology. He is managing of postdoctoral educational programme of qualification at the Tbilisi State Medical University. In 2005-2007 he used to be temporary advisor of WHO (Europe regional office of Europe) in Food and Nutrition field.
Until 2015, there was not any effective surveillance system in Georgia, which could provide with reliable data of nutritional status of population. With the support of US CDC, in 2015, National CDC launched collaborative project -“Strengthening surveillance of micronutrient deficiency in Georgia”.
Methodology: Sentinel surveillance approach was used by selecting 8 sentinel sites from 4 regions (1 pediatric and 1 antenatal clinic in each Region). Iron and folate deficiency was studied in pregnant women (1st trimester), and iron deficiency in children (12-23 months old). Iron deficiency was defined as plasma concentration of ferritin with cut-off points of <12 µg/l and <15 µg/l for children and pregnant women, respectively. Cut-off point below 3.0 ng/ml was considered as a folate deficiency for pregnant women.
Findings: According to the study carried out under the nutritional surveillance system (in 2018), from 303 children (12 -23 months of age) 35.6% were anemic. Furthermore, 303 were tested for iron deficiency and 74% of them were identified as iron deficient. 15.8 % of pregnant women (tasted 240) were found anemic. 57.2% of pregnant were iron deficient (tasted 240) and 30% had folate deficiency.
Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Time : 09:30-10:00
Salma Al Mahrouqi is a dietitian from Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman. Has her expertise in pediatrics nutrition and is keen to improve the health and wellbeing of infants and children in the gulf and midleast region. She gain her expert in Infancy feeding through UNICEF training program (Programming for Infant and Young Child Feeding) in 2012. She is a BFHI( baby and infant friendly hospital initiative) co-instructor for the last 5 years
Introduction: Inappropriate complementary feeding practices are a major contributor to poor nutrition status among children under two years. Encouraging and supporting appropriate complementary feeding practice by nurses is critical elements of efforts to address malnutrition in childhood. Nurses have probably a strong impact on mothers knowledge, known that their perspective knowledge have important implications for patient outcomes. This preliminary study was cared to assess nurses perspective knowledge nurses Perspective on complementary feeding practice which been recommended by the World Health Organization.
Methods: A convenience sampling of 25 female pediatric Omani nurses whom registered in Baby Friendly/ Infant Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFIF/HI) program at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, were interviewed to assess their knowledge on complementary feeding practice recommended by the WHO. The interview focused on 3 main aspects of the complementary feeding practices which includes: appropriate age, appropriate food, and the role of breast feeding during transition period.
Results: 25 female nurses from Sultan Qaboos University Hospital were enrolled in the study. A 73 % of study participants had never been exposed to the WHO complementary feeding practices guideline, only 27 % were knowledgeable about the recommended age of complementary feed. Almost 90 percent of the participants reported no clear knowledge about the appropriate type of food. Majority of the participants agreed on the continuation of breast feeding till age of 2 years.
Conclusions: The preliminary outcomes of this small scale study provide baseline information of the insufficient knowledge by nurses about complementary feeding practices. We suggest
improving nurses’ access to the information about infant feeding guidelines since nurses are the main point of contact with mothers and pregnant women. However, a further comprehensive research is needed in a larger sample to generalize the outcomes.
Massey University, New Zealand
Title: Effects of chronic supplementation with nitrate-rich beetroot juice on cardiovascular responses in healthy adults
Time : 09:30-10:00
Luke Stanaway is currently completing his PhD in Exercise and Sport Science at Massey University, New Zealand. He obtained his first journal publication in the first year of his PhD, with a systematic review in Nutrients and currently has a primary research article under review. He is the founding director of the sport and wellness app Zenforce sports and was the sport scientist for the New Zealand football under 17’s team in the last world cup cycle. His PhD centres around the effects of acute and chronic supplementation of nitrate-rich beetroot juice on cardiovascular function, cognition and mood in younger and older adults. He also has interests in all areas of nutrition and exercise as a personal trainer and nutritionist.
Statement of the Problem: Acute and short-term supplementation with nitrate-rich (NO3-) beetroot juice has been shown to improve cardiovascular health and function in healthy adults; however, there are few studies investigating the prolonged effects of dietary nitrate supplementation on cardiovascular responses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acute (day 1) versus prolonged (28 days) dietary nitrate (NO3-) supplementation on cardiovascular health and function in healthy adults.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Based on preliminary data from an ongoing larger study of 48 participants (24 per group). Nine healthy adults consumed 250 ml of nitrate-rich Beetroot juice (BR; 10.5 mmol NO3-) and seven healthy adults consumed 250 ml of Placebo solution (PL; 1 mmol NO3-) daily for a 28-day period, in a double blind, randomized control trial design. Blood Pressure (BP), Heart Rate (HR), mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) and Systemic Vascular Resistance (SVR) were measured before and 2.25 h post-consumption, on days 1 (acute), 14 and 28 (chronic) of supplementation.
Findings: Preliminary results have shown acute BR consumption reduced systolic (p=0.027) and diastolic (p=0.008) BP, and MAP (p=0.019) compared to PL on day 1. There were no acute effects of BR supplementation on HR or SVR. On day 14 and day 28 the reduction in BP and MAP were maintained with BR supplementation; however, prolonged BR supplementation did not result in any further reductions in BP, MAP or SVR on days 14 and 28 when compared to day 1 (p>0.05).
Conclusion & Significance: These preliminary results suggest that the acute benefits of BR consumption on cardiovascular health and function are maintained during prolonged consumption over a 28-day period.