Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 20th World Congress on Nutrition & Food Sciences Tokyo, Japan.

Day 2 :

Nutrition 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Jiankang Liu  photo
Biography:

Dr. Liu received his BS from Xi’an Jiaotong Unviersity in 1982 and PhD of Medical Science from Okayama University School of Medicine in 1994. He completed post-doc training in Dr. Bruce Ames laboratory at University of California, Berkeley and worked as a faculty at University of California at Berkeley, Children Hospital Oakland Research Institute, University of California at Irvine, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, and Shanghai Institute for Nutritional Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Currently, he is a Professor and the Dean of Xi’an Jiaotong University School of Life Science and Technology and an Adjunct Professor of the School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California. Dr. Liu’s research interests include molecular and cellular mechanisms of aging, stress, and age-/stress-associated degenerative diseases with a focus on nutritional regulation of mitochondrial metabolism. He has published more 170 papers in international journals with more than 5200 times citations (H-index 42)and was elected as one of the “2014 , 2015 and 2016 Most Cited Chinese Researchers” in the area of Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology by Elsevier.

 

Abstract:

Due to the limitation and ineffectiveness of antioxidants in extending life span and preventing age-related diseases, scientists have being tried to find new solutions beyond antioxidants for delaying aging and preventing age-related diseases. The French paradox-derived resveratrol has become a star of nutraceutical because of the discovery of its effect on Sirtuins regulation by Sinclare’s lab at Harvard on. Nowadays, resveratrol has been widely studied on retarding aging and preventing/ameliorating numerous disorders in cellular and animal models as well as clinical studies. We have recently investigated a number of naturally occurring nutraceuticals and found that hydroxytyrosol (HT) has a unique and potent effect on regulating mitochondrial metabolism (biogenesis and degradation). HT is abundant in olives and virgin olive oil, which are widely used in Mediterranean diets. Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that the people of the Mediterranean basin enjoy a healthy lifestyle with decreased incidence of heart disease, prostate and colon cancer, and rheumatoid arthritis. One of the possible reasons is that Mediterranean people have a high intake of HT from olive and olive oil. The beneficial effects of HT have been mainly attributed to its antioxidant effect. However, we have demonstrated that HT is an effective mitochondria-targeting nutraceutical in various cellular and animal models, including age-associated macular degeneration, metabolic disorders, cancer, osteoporosis, and muscle atrophy. Because mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in aging and various diseases e,the potent effects of HT on regulating mitochondrial metabolism suggest that HT is a rising star of nutraceutical after resveratrol and will be widely used for delaying aging and preventing/ameliorating age-associated diseases.

  • Renal Nutrition & Metabolism | Nutritional Biochemistry | Nutritional Value & Quality of Foods | Current advances in Nutrition & Food Research | Holistic/ Integrative Nutrition | Plant & Livestock Nutrition | Food & Nutritional Disorders
Speaker
Biography:

Gayatri Mishra has completed her Masters in Food Processing Technology in Anand Agricultural University, Anand, India.

Abstract:

Insect infestation in stored wheat grain is a potential hazard to the consumers and also fetching high economical loss to the farmers and food industries. Rhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) is one of the most common insect grows over stored wheat grain causes major quantitative loss by feeding on the endosperm and also contaminate the grain by releasing excreta. High demand for zero contamination in food grain leads to advance analytical techniques for detection of insect infestation with high accuracy. Hyperspectral transmission images were acquired from normal and insect-damaged wheat grain over the spectral region between 400 nm and 1000 nm for 100 kernels. Ten statistical image features maximum, minimum, mean, median, standard deviation, and variance) and 10 histogram features were extracted from images. The statistical discriminant classifier namely support vector machine (SVM) was used to detect lesser grain borer infestation. Principal component analysis was used for wavelength selection; two wavelengths 900nm and 1000 nm corresponding to highest factor loading were found to be most significant for classification. SVM analysis correctly classified 93% of healthy and insect infested kernels at 1000nm wavelength region. The study demonstrated hyperspectral imaging can efficiently detect the insect infestation in stored wheat grain and can be used in food industries for rapid and online detection of stored wheat defects.

Biography:

Fatima bi is 24 yrs old, and completed her M.Phil in Home Science from Berhampur University Odisha country India, she has published 6 papers and one book till date.

Abstract:

Good food good life as for human being and every living organism food is the first priority for stay and feet in daily life. Adolescent is a very crucial stage of lifespan as compare to other ages because body primary and secondary sex characteristics are develop in the stage of adolescent and early puberty, good nutrition and healthy diet needed to prevent deficiency diseases. Due to the influence of modernization, urbanization and mass media the college girls more attractive for eating oily and spicy food like Chowmin, Berger, Ghupchup, pizza, French fries, chilli chicken, chicken pakoda etc, they don’t know about the ill effects on health and some time never check the hygiene and cleanliness. Poor intake of food associated with health problem like vomiting, gas, obesity, hypertension, nutrition deficiency diseases etc, girls not interested for eating healthy food like fruits, milk, egg and vegetables, but as for survive a healthy life need to take a full plate of nutrition. For the purpose of the study highlight some important objective – to analyse the dietary pattern of the college girls, to study  the fast food intake , to analyse the knowledge regarding ill effects on health, and to collect some data regarding their parents attitude and view for eating fast food  as for data collection taking 100 college girls from government women’s college sambalpur by applying  purposive random sampling,  and using self prepared  questionnaire and discussion method for fill up the questionnaire  and by using statistical techniques conclude the problem solution.

Biography:

Abstract:

Parboiled rice is preferred over raw rice because of its high nutritional content and better cooking property. But, the process of parboiling is time consuming and also requires precise control to ensure the desired grain quality. The current study is based on microwave soaking of paddy for subsequent parboiling. This study investigated the effect of microwave treatment along with varying grain weight and grain to water ratio. The moisture uptake, starch gelatinization, leaching losses, and swelling index were evaluated for the experimental conditions. The microwave power was varied from 400 W to 900 W and soaking time was maintained between 5 to 25 min. A face-centred central composite design was applied and a total of 30 experimental runs were generated. During soaking, with increasing grain weight, the energy utilization efficiency was found to be higher. Higher grain water ratio was more effective for moisture uptake, only at longer soaking duration. Leaching loss was increased with increase in soaking time up to microwave power of 630 W, beyond which the rate of leaching goes down. Swelling was more prominent once the moisture content exceeds 24% mc (wet basis), wherein the major increase was noticed in the width of the grain. A partial gelatinization was noticed when the grain was soaked for longer duration under higher microwave power. The findings of the study would help in reducing the soaking duration and preventing the undesirable changes in the process of parboiling.

Speaker
Biography:

Prof. Afrozul Haq has completed his Ph.D. at the age of 29 years from the Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. He did his postdoctoral studies at Institut de la Sante et de la Recherché Medicale (INSERM), and Foundation for Medical Research, Paris, France. More than 35 years of experience as a basic & clinical research scientist working in research labs, and hospitals around the world including Pasteur Institute, Paris, France; McGill University, Montreal, Canada; King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Over 150 publications in peer review journals. Prof. Haq is serving as Managing Guest Editor of the Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and as member of Editorial Board of several research journals.

Abstract:

Obesity is a significant health problem world-wide and the increase in obesity rates presents a major public health concern. Vitamin D deficiency is another pandemic and has been implicated in several diseases including obesity, cardiovascular risk, metabolic syndrome and many non-skeletal diseases. The role of vitamin D in calcium and bone metabolism is well established. Hypovitaminosis D is well-documented in those who have had bariatric or gastric bypass procedures, in which a malabsorptive state is deliberately induced, but there is no evidence that obesity itself results in reduced absorption of dietary vitamin D. Given that vitamin D is fat-soluble and that calcium absorption has been shown to be increased in diets high in fats, it is unlikely that obesity affects vitamin D-calcium homeostasis through altered gut absorption. The association between reduced 25(OH)D concentrations and obesity is well established. Correction of low 25(OH)D concentrations in obese individuals requires higher doses than those often advocated for the general population (may be the Endocrine Society Guidelines for Vitamin D Supplementation).  There are plausible mechanisms and some in vitro evidence supporting a role for vitamin D in weight reduction, with the proviso that it may be difficult to determine which effects are due to vitamin D itself and which are mediated via calcium. There is a clear need for adequately-powered, prospective interventions which include baseline measurement of 25(OH)D concentrations and involve adequate doses of supplemental vitamin D. Until such studies have been reported, the role of vitamin D supplementation in obesity prevention remains uncertain. 

Speaker
Biography:

Wiphada Mitbumrung graduated bachelor’s degree from Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University. At present, she is a master’s degree student in food science for nutrition program at Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University. Research interest is an application of natural hydrocolloid and Application of emulsion for nutrient and non-nutrient delivery system. 

 

Abstract:

Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) was an expanded cellulose prepared by hot alkali pretreatment and mechanical force. Normally, MFC was extracted from agricultural sources so, this study used mangosteen rind for MFC production because it was a by-product from the food industry.MFC could be used as a natural emulsifier for encapsulation of fat-soluble vitamin in emulsion system. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of MFC concentration on emulsion properties and stability. Oil-in-water (O/W)emulsion; oil phase (0.01% vitamin D3, 9.99% soybean oil), aqueous phase (MFC, 10mM phosphate buffer pH7) was performed by using different MFC concentration (0.3, 0.5, 0.7% w/w) using a 2-stage high pressure homogenizer. Encapsulation efficiency, oil droplet size, color, ζ-potential, microstructure, and creaming stability of the emulsion samples were measured. The result found that MFC concentration affected to emulsion properties and stability. The emulsion containing 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7% MFC expressed encapsulation efficiency 87, 93 and 96%, respectively. All emulsions exhibited mean droplet diameter in range 10 to 100 µm. The increasing of MFC concentration exhibited larger oil droplet, provided darker color and increased magnitude of ζ-potential. SEM micrograph showed MFC formed physical barrier around oil droplet which provided stability of emulsion droplets against coalescence. However, it was found phase separation at concentration 0.3%MFC but did not cream at concentration 0.5 and 0.7%MFC throughout 90 days.

 

Speaker
Biography:

Chungkham Sarojnalini was born on 1st Feb. 1958. B.Sc. Zoology honour Gauhati University 1979; M.Sc. In Life Sciences Fishery specialization J.N.U Centre, Imphal 1982; Ph.D in Fish and Fisheries in Manipur University 1989. Working as an associate professor in department of life sciences Manipur University. Published 40 international and national paper in peer review journal. Her research interested areas are Biochemical aspects of fresh and processed fishes of plain and hill stream fishes. Dr. Sarojnalini was reviewer of the European food research and Technology, SPRINGER. Life member of the Journal of food Science & Technology, Mysore., Life member of the Fisheries Technologists (India), Cochin., Member, Inland Fishery Society of India., Member Zoological Society of India., Aquatic Biodiversity Conservation Society, India, Lucknow., Member Ichthyological Society Of Japan.

 

Abstract:

The effect of cooking methods (frying, steaming and curried) on the nutritional quality of two small indigenous fishes viz., Amblypharyngodon mola and Esomus danricus of the Eastern Himalayas were determined. Cooking significantly increased the contents of protein and ash in the two small fishes. The maximum protein content was recorded in curried A.mola (20.77%). The lowest lipid content was found in the steamed E. danricus (0.83%) and highest lipid was obtained in fried E.danricus (41.56%). A significant (p<0.05) reduction in moisture content was observed in all different cooking methods A.mola and E.danricus. The lowest moisture content was recorded in fried A.mola (22.50%) and highest moisture was found in raw A.mola (74.69%). The carbohydrate values of two raw fishes were 3.98% and 5.62%. The energy values of two raw samples were 149.2 and 143.26Kcal/100g. The higher energy values were found in fried samples of the two fishes. The studied fishes have antioxidant property and highest activity was obtained in curried A.mola (0.11μg/ml). The ranges of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as Docosahexanoic, Eicosapentaenoic, Arachidonic, Linolenic and Linoleic acids were 0.12-2.91mg/100g, 0.04-0.73mg/100g, 0.07-2.03mg/100g, 0.22-3.7mg/100g and 1.01-2.30mg/100g respectively. The results indicate that cooking methods had considerable effects on proximate composition, antioxidant property and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The study showed that the small indigenous fishes are good sources of protein, energy, polyunsaturated fatty acid and antioxidative compounds. Therefore consumption of small size fishes could found high energy and prevent the deficiency of malnutrition, cardiovascular disorders and brain function in the developing countries, because the ratio of n:3/n:6 is a marker of the biomedical significance for fish oils.

 

Speaker
Biography:

Dr. Thunnalin Winuprasith* is a faculty member of Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University. She got a master’s degree and Ph.D. from Institute of Nutrition and Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, respectively.  Her research interest focuses on food product development, food emulsions and encapsulations for nutrition aspect.
 

 

Abstract:

The aim of this research was to develop pumpkin puddings which were suitable for elderly in term of texture and nutritional quality. The dessert contains milk protein, pumpkin powder (PP), modified starch, vegetable oil, carrageenan, and sugar. Subjects were grouped into three categories by posterior occlusal contact, according to the Eichner Index. Group A had contacts in four support zones; group B had one to three zones of contact or contact in the anterior region only; and group C had no support zones at all, although a few teeth could still remain. The levels of PP added were varied at 4.0, 6.0, and 8.0% (w/w).  The textural parameters and color significantly affected by PP concentration. From sensory evaluation, the suitable PP and carrageenan levels were found to be 6.0% PP with 0.2% carageenan for group A, and 8.0% PP with 0.3% carageenan for group B and C. For group A, the hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, and guminess were 351.33 g, 151.40 g.sec, 0.46, and 41, respectively. For group B and C, the hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, and guminess were 95.89 g, 105.78 g.sec, 0.44, and 9.34, respectively. The energy distribution of macronutrients including protein, fat, and carbohydrate for all formulations were about 10-15, 25-30 and 55-65%, respectively. In addition, the pumpkin pudding with 8.0% PP contained 1.60 g total dietary fiber (per 100 kcal), which was classified as a source of dietary fiber. This product could be used for improveing nutritional status of elderly. 

Amit Bahukhandi

G. B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, Uttarakhand (India)

Title: Variation in polyphenolics and Antioxidant Activity of Traditional Apple Cultivars from West Himalaya, Uttarakhand
Speaker
Biography:

Mr. Amit Bahukhandi has submitted his Ph. D. degree from Uttarakhand Technical University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand (India) entitled “Altitude and habitat dependent variation in morphological and phytochemical diversity of selected Apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) cultivars in Uttarakhand”. During his Ph. D., his involvement was largely focused on quantification of secondary metabolites of different apple cultivars and investigated that how environmental and edaphic factors play role in secondary metabolites accumulation. Based on this work he has received “Young Scientist Award” in the 10th Uttarakhand Science Congress, Dehradun in 2016. In addition, he also worked on the chemical characterization and antioxidant activity of some threatened medicinal plants of Himalaya. Mr. Bahukhandi has published over 14 research paper in different National and International Journals of repute in addition to several popular articles and many conference presentations. Presently, he is focusing in “Forest Resource and Plant Biodiversity” under the National Mission For Sustaining The Himalayan Ecosystem at G. B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, Uttarakhand (India).

Abstract:

Fruits are reported rich source of health benefit compounds, such as polyphenols and antioxidants. Regular consumption of fruits is known to reduce the risk of several degenerative diseases including cardiovascular and cancer. Polyphenols, which naturally present in fresh apples (Malus x domestica), are widely acknowledged as an antioxidant. However, the biochemical attributes of the cultivars of apple from west Himalaya are not systematically explored. In the present study, attempts were made to quantify the polyphenolic content and antioxidant activities in fully ripened fruits of 3 traditional apple cultivars namely Benoni, Fanny and Rymer growing at different locations of Uttarakhand (west Himalaya), India. Results revealed that phenolic (0.94-7.00 mg GAE/g fw), flavonoid (1.02-9.86 mg QE/g fw), flavonol (0.77-6.92 mg CE/g fw), tannin (15.49-37.99 mg TAE/g fw) and antioxidant activity (ABTS- 0.31-6.74; DPPH-0.50-1.41; FRAP-0.77-3.92 mM AAE/100g fw) varied significantly among the cultivars and the maximum content was recorded in Rymer fruits of Mukhwa location as compared to others. Altitude showed significant (p<0.05) positive relationship with total phenolic (r=0.895), flavonoid (r=0.843), flavonol (r=0.812), ABTS (r=0.856) and FRAP activity (r=0.830). Based on the results, it is concluded that Rymer is one of the most promising source of polyphenolic content and antioxidant activity and therefore, recommended for mass plantation at suitable localities for harnessing maximum potential.

Speaker
Biography:

Niramol  Muangpracha  is a research staff of Institute of  Nutrition, Mahidol University. She got a  Bachelor's degree  of  science from Burapha University.  Her  research  interest focuses on food product development  for nutrition.

Abstract:

The aims of this study were to study the effect of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) concentration on physicochemical and sensory properties of modified-fat ice cream. Aqueous MFC was prepared by extraction of ground mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) rind with hot sodium hydroxide and subsequent shearing in a high pressure homogenizer. The full-fat (12% fat content) chocolate ice cream using egg yolk as an emulsifier was used as a reference (R). Modified fat ice cream was formulated by using MFC to replace egg yolk and fat at 3.0, 6.0, and 9.0% by weight, which were labeled as low-fat, light, and reduced-fat, formulas, respectively. For physicochemical properties, there were significantly increased in pH, overrun, and viscosity correlated to the increment of MFC concentration. Melting rate and lightness were decreased at higher concentration of MFC. In contrast, MFC did not significantly affect °Brix, hardness, air cell size, and fat destabilization in modified-fat ice cream. Nutritional values showed decreased in energy and fat content in modified-fat ice cream. There were increased in dietary fiber and moisture content in modified ice cream. From sensory evaluation, the optimum level of MFC was found to be 6.0%. The product was accepted by the panelists with the overall acceptability score between like slightly and like moderately. This study provided information that can be used as application of MFC in food products.

 

Speaker
Biography:

Anggi Laksmita Dewi has recently completed her Bachelor's degree in Nutrition and Health at Universitas Gadjah Mada. She is passionate about food and nutrition also their relation to molecular biology and genomics. 

Abstract:

Hypercholesterolemia is risk factor of many disease. Lipid profile degeneration and high blood pressure may lead to earlier death. Processed soy products, namely soy milk, contains high isoflavones levels which usually can be used as antioxidants. However, community acceptance of soy milk in Indonesia is very low because the taste is less favorable. Fermentation can be done to improve taste and flavor of soy milk. Fermented soy milk with Lactobacillus plantarum Dad-13 is believed to help in managing blood profile and blood pressure. Method: Eleven male Sprague dawley rats is induced with high-fat diet, which has been made from a mixture of 80% A.D.II standard diet, 15% melted butter, and 5% quail egg yolks, in 2 weeks. Lactobacillus plantarum Dad-13 fermented soy milk is given 1,8ml/day to treatment group for the next 5 days. Measurement of blood pressure and blood lipid levels were performed at the end . ANOVA is used to analysis each parameter with p<0.05 is considered significant. Results: After treatment for 5 days, there’s no significant changes in cholesterol, tligliserida, HDL and LDL levels (p> 0.05). Blood pressure hasn’t been found significant change in each group (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Induction of Lactobacillus plantarum Dad-13 fermented soy milk for 5 days has not had a significant effect on lipid profile and blood pressure in hypercholesterolemia rats.

 

Numphung Rungraung

Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Thailand.

Title: Development and characterization of texture-modified pork ball for elderly
Speaker
Biography:

Numphung Rungraung has completed her Master’s degree in Food and Nutrition for Development, Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University.   She is a researcher of Center of Innovation and Reference on Food for Nutrition (CIRFON), Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University. Her research interest focuses on formulation of food products for nutrition purposes, food processing and storage on antioxidant activity and physicochemical properties of food products.

 

Abstract:

In the elderly population, one of the restrictive factors in food consumption may be that some foods become troublesome to eat as losing their teeth and swallowing dysfunction at an elderly age. The purpose of this work was to develop texture-modified pork ball with varying level of pork (30-38%), lard (20-24%), and tapioca flour (1.8-3.4%) added. All formulated products were investigated in terms of textural properties and sensory evaluation. The result showed that hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness increased whereas adhesiveness decreased, when the pork level increased and the lard and flour decreased. Sensory evaluation was performed by elderly subjects using 5-points hedonic scale and 5-point just-about-right. The subjects were grouped into three categories by posterior occlusal contact, according to the Eichner Index. Group A had contacts in four support zones; group B had one to three zones of contact or contact in the anterior region only; and group C had no support zones at all, although a few teeth could still remain.  The result indicated that all developed formulas of texture-modified pork ball had just about right in color, taste and easy to chewing and overall liking score was in the range of like slightly to like moderately. From sensory evaluation, the suitable level of each ingredient was found to be 38% pork, 20% lard and 1.8% flour for group A, and 34% pork, 22% lard, and 2.6% flour for group B and C. This product combinated with other foods could be used for improveing nutritional status of elderly.

 

Speaker
Biography:

Mahrus Aldiansyah is student of Jember University, Indonesia. I am still eighteen years old, I have joined some competition of writing paper in public health topic. I hope can join this conference in order to increase my experience in public health discussion.

 

Abstract:

In the era of modern society as a conceptual that good food is food that is practical. Society is always busy with a variety of activities that should be undertaken, in both the formal or informal sector. The existence of the bustle to the pattern or style to eat in everyday life. Fast food become the premier choice for those without considering the health elements. Today's society is very difficult to avoid fast food. Modern lifestyles create a society began to get used to the fast food, the reason the community choose fast food is a way of presenting quick and easy to be consumed for everyone because it can be consumed while activities such as walking, travelling etc. Fast food is so popular among the public, but keep in mind that behind the fast food that looks delicious and seductive turns out there earlier than the onset of various diseases. The biggest cause of death in Indonesia is high which is equivalent to kolestrol mortality kolestrol in America. The majority of Indonesia society makes the basic food of animal protein which also serve as a benchmark a healthy community and meet the kebutuhun of the body. Therefore, created innovative food products that are rich in vegetable proteins with utilization of Tempe as a main ingredient which is Practical, economic, Food and Taste the legendary Zero Cholesterol Food-based, with some reason to give the community a sense of kecintaaan food is practical but also healthy and economical because it uses ingredients that are already well-known among the public also nourish i.e. tempe which is cholestrol zero food food. Kedepanya the concept of refined this tempe made "Rice Roll Tempe".

 

Biography:

Buavaroon Srichaikul is a Faculty of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, Thailand.

Abstract:

Health drinks currently are of popular demand globally. This  study aimed to evaluate bioactivity quantities , toxicity, total phenolic  contents, different extraction methods  between Ultrasonication , maceration with 40% and 50% ethyl alcohol during period of time. In Thailand the production of  anti aging Flower extract health do not meet the standard required by Thai FDA. Therefore Nelumbo nucifera Linn .flower extract  were tested for antioxidant activities with DPPH, FRAP ,ABTS ,total phenolic, HPLC. The study was found that the Nelumbo nucifera Linn flower extract drink consisted  of high contents of ferulic acid, rutin and catechin confirmed by HPLC.  The result of acute toxicity analysis of  Nelumbo nucifera Linn flower  extracts in albino vista rats showed no sign of death or abnormality in abino vista rats which could indicate no acute toxicity in Nelumbo nucifera Linn flower  extracts.

 

Speaker
Biography:

Wilda Yunieswati is a post-graduate student in Department of Community Nutrition, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia. She gets the scholarship from Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education for her master study in Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia. She has her expertise in community nutrition and passion in improving the nutrition, health, and wellbeing. She has an experience in public community activity especially about children education and children nutrition. She joins some of public community in Bogor, Indonesia to improve the nutritional and health knowledge of school-age children and hope they can get better nutrition, health, and life in the future.

 

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem:  

Labor from agricultural sector is the largest labour force in Indonesia, which reached 32.61% of Indonesian total labor force, but the agricultural sector only contributed 14.43% of total GDP. This condition indicates that work productivity in agriculture sector is low. Cocoa is one of the leading commodities in plantation sub sector. Cocoa development has a potential part in the economy development and contributes as the third largest Indonesia’s foreign exchange after palm oil and rubber. One of the way to improve the productivity of cocoa is give an attention about the good nutrition and good health of the cocoa farmer. Nutrition and health status have been widely known as a factor to improve work productivity of farmers.

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation:

The subjects of this study were male cocoa farmers in two districts of Polewali Mandar, West Sulawesi, Indonesia aged 18-65 years old. Data collected by interview with questionnaire and measured directly for anthropometry status.

Findings:

The result of this study shows that there is no relationship between nutritional status, food consumption and lifestyle to work productivity, but there is a relationship between health status (blood pressure) and amount of cocoa picked per day (kilograms) and also health status (central obesity) and number of absent day to plantation due to sick. Besides that, there is no relationship between poor diet and health status (hypertension and central obesity) in male cocoa farmers. In this study, variables that influence the hypertension are exercise (OR: 3.836), genetic (OR: 312) and smoking habit (OR: 0.206). Then, variables that influence the central obesity are energy adequacy (OR: 9.64), exercise (OR: 5.0) and protein adequacy (OR: 1.58).

 

Basma Nejjar

Faculty of medicine in Liege Belgium and Faculty of Sciences in Kenitra Morocco.

Title: Typology of food consumption and serum level of Phosphocalcic biomarkers among Moroccan women
Speaker
Biography:

I am Nejjar Basma, 27 years old, Moroccan joint Ph.D. student between Faculty of medicine in Liege Belgium and Faculty of Sciences in Kenitra Morocco. My thesis project is about the status of Vitamin D among Moroccan women. In this sense, I took three epidemiological studies from 2013 till 2015, I have gathered 1488 data concerning women from the general population and ambulatory medicine and I published five articles in reputed journals. 

 

Abstract:

Actually, Moroccan is undergoing an epidemiological and nutritional transition. This shift from traditional diets to Western-style diets has been a key contributor to many diseases affecting the general health of a moroccan  individual such as the phosphocalcic metabolism. This study aimed at describing the typology of food consumption and to highlight the difference of serum level of phosphocalcic biomarkers according to this typology of consumption among Moroccan in Meknes region. This cross-sectional study was taken from February to March 2015  and gathered 116 subjects 18-70y. Dietary intake was assessed by a validated a  frequency consumption questionnaire; the sun exposure per week( less versus more than 15 min) was recorded and a blood sample was taken in order to assess the serum level of biochemical markers (calcemia, phosphatemia and 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD)). The solar exposure was used as an adjustment factor.  The principal component analysis showed two profiles of the typology of food consumption: one rich in vegetal and cereal products and other rich in animal products. Calcemia and 25OHD were different according to animal typology adjusted to the sun exposure (p = 0.05, p = 0.001) but no findings were found for phosphatemia. Longitudinal studies should be initiated to consolidate our results and to raise awareness of the importance of diet for phosphocalcic status in Morocco.

 

Speaker
Biography:

I-Chuan Sheih has ever been as a RD for four years in the Resource Microbiology Institute and a researcher for six years in Food Industry Research Development Institute. She has completed her PhD in 2009 and done a postdoctoral research for two and a half years in National Chung Hsing University. She is the associate professor of department of Food and Beverage Management in Ta Hwa University of Science and Technology and a project director of Ministry of Science and Technology. She has published many SCI papers in reputed journals at the same time.

 

Abstract:

In order to enhance the physiological effectiveness of the peptide used as medicine and health food in the future, we modified the original skeleton of natural multifunctional algae peptides (VECYGPNRPQF,VF11) for various antioxidant capacity detection, and utilized the bioinformatics knowledge to explore the relationship of amino acids diversity. The ABTS radical cation decolorization assay, was widely applied to evaluate the total antioxidative activity in both lipophilic and hydrophilic samples. The ABTS radicals scavenging activity of VECYG (VG5) is close to that of VF11 by hydrogen or electron donation, and it was far superior to YGPNRP (YP6) and PNRPQF (PF6). On the other hand, the penta-peptide VG5 (IC50 10.17 ± 0.12M) was also more close to those of f VF11 (IC50 9.44±0.35 M) and natural antioxidant Trolox( IC50 5.63±0.25 M) for quenching hydroxyl radicals capacity; and it was far superior to YP6 (IC50 56.41±0.23 M) and PF6 (IC50 148.37±1.46 M). We also further detected the oxidation-induced DNA damage to elucidate the prospective antioxidant role of peptide in human. The super coil (SC) form in DNA was completely converted to the open circular (OC) form due to the Fenton reaction (Fe2+ + H2O2) in our study. The result showed these peptides had the protective capacity in oxidation-induced DNA damage, so it further strengthened the ability of the peptides to protect hydroxyl radical induced damage. These results suggested the shorter chain peptide VG5 might be able to substitute for hendeca-peptide (VF11) to serve as food additives with health claims in the future.

 

Speaker
Biography:

Ngan T.K. Nguyen completed her medical doctor at 26 years old, then became junior lecturer in her medical university, namely University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam. Currently, she is a graduate student in the International Master Program in Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan, supported by Scholarship of Ministry of Science and Technology(MOST), Taiwan. She is really interested in obesity and clinical nutrition research. She has published two papers in Vietnamese jounal after graduating medical degree and looked for more papers. She hopes stuyding futher in obesity and metabolism as Doctor of Philosophy.

 

 

Abstract:

Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) have become increasingly pandemic diseases in the world. By 2035, diabetes is expected to be mainly contributable in Asian populations who develop diabetes at younger ages than Western counterparts. The conservative therapies could not gain achievement in morbid obesity-induced T2DM compared to the metabolic/bariatric surgeries. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG) has been increasing in Asia due to its simplicity and efficiency in weight management. Although weight loss is considered as a sign to improve insulin resistance in the diabetes, diabetic remission resulting from metabolic surgery for the obesity-T2DM patients who underwent LSG is still controversial. The optimal outcomes depend on selected markers from preoperative factors that are referred as prognostic values. The objective of this study is to investigate the diabetic remission and the possible preoperative diabetic predictors by using the latest Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2017 of American Diabetes Association. Materials and methods: We selected obesity patients who acquired T2DM and underwent LSG within 12 months. The complete diabetic remission was defined as glycated hemoglobin(HbA1c) <5.7% or fasting blood glucose<100mg/dL within one year without medication therapy or ongoing procedures. Changes of body composition and biomarkers were evaluated as preoperative predictors. Results: Of 129 T2DM patients who underwent LSG with mean body max index 41.3±6.8kg/m2. After 12-month follow-up, there were 59.7% (57/94) in the complete diabetic remission. Conclusion: It is expected that waist circumference, C-peptide and C-reactive protein involved in diabetic remission, which further suggest the diabetic remission of LSG in obesity-diabetes patients.

 

Speaker
Biography:

Almagul Kushugulova has completed her PhD at the age of 25 years from Astana Medical State University and taken Degree of D.M.Sc at National Biotechnological Centre. She is a head of Human Microbiome Lab of National laboratory Astana Nazarbayev University. She has published more than 100 papers in Kazakhstan journals, 15 in reputed Journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of Journal of Clinical Medicine of Kazakhstan. 

Abstract:

Recent studies have shown that probiotic yoghurt consumption may have a positive role in the regulation of body weight as well as act to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Dairy products are a source of high quality protein, and due to the functional properties of live bacteria, yoghurt have unique properties. Objective is to test the efficacy of new a synbiotic formulation in adults with metabolic syndrome.

This randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial was conducted among 180 participants aged 25 to 75 years. Subjects with and without metabolic syndrome were randomly assigned to receive synbiotic or placebo daily for three months.

134 of 180 participants completed the study. Compared with the placebo group, the synbiotic group had significantly decreased total cholesterol.

Our study is the first large clinical trial of probiotics in Kazakhstan and the first study on the new synbiotic yoghurt NAR. The uniqueness of this product lies in the fact that it consists of probiotic component strains isolated from a traditional Kazakh koumiss product. Primarily, the product is aimed at people with digestive problems. Therefore, it is rich in easily digestible trace elements and amino acids, essential for the gut microbiota to flourish. We adhered to best practices for clinical trials to ensure that both investigators and patients were blinded to the study and that the data analysis was carried out by independent statisticians.

The present findings suggest positive influence of synbiotic on controlling excess weight and treating some metabolic disorders in adults.

 

Speaker
Biography:

Shyh-Hsiang Lin has been one of the faculty members in the School of Nutrition and Health Sciences in Taipe Medical University for 17 years. He has 15 publications in recent 4 years. His major research focuses on the relationship between nutritional factors and neurodegeneration.

Abstract:

Until 2012, there are more than 190,000 people who are suffering from the dementia. The morbidity is about 8% among those over 65 years old. AD, the most common form of dementia, is also known as the type3DM, which is highly correlated to abnormal regulation of insulin and glucose in the brain. Diets high in fat and cholesterol may have negative effects on health. Hyperlipidemia is considered one of the factors causing insulin resistance. On the other hand, hypercholesterolemia can cause BBB damage and promote the production of beta-amyloid (Ab) as well as increasing in oxidative stress. Ketone bodies are antioxidative and an alternative source of energy when glucose is no longer an energy source, which is useful under the condition of insulin resistance. In this study, a high-fat/high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet is given to mice for 16 weeks to induce insulin resistance and BBB damage, followed by feeding the mice a ketogenic diet or an HFHC diet with Metformin. We expect to observe that after receiving the ketogenic diet, the cognitive ability and the expression of AD-related proteins are regulated, in which the mechanism regarding the effect of a ketogenic diet will be clarified

 

Kozhakhmetov Samat

Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan

Title: Metabiotic based on Saumal (mare's milk)
Speaker
Biography:

Samat Kozhakhmetov has completed her PhD at the age of 25 years from S.Seifullin Kazakh Agro Technical University and taken Degree of C.M.Sc at National Biotechnological Centre. He is a senior researcher of Human Microbiome Lab of National Laboratory Astana Nazarbayev University. She has published more than 80 papers in Kazakhstan journals, 10 in reputed Journals.

 

Abstract:

During performance of scientific project on order for government account metabolic compound pill having beside useful properties proven in befor clinical tests, was developed. During additional researches pill formula ont the base of natural mare's milk saumal was advanced. Offered product possesses expressed DNA by protective activities, possesses ability to increase adoptational properties of the organism, eliminates infringements of intestinal microbic bias, improves digestion, vegetable fibres and prebiotic improve motor functions of the intestines.

Results showed that probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus with DNA – protective action, at multiple application, does not cause infringements a functional condition of the main units and the systems of the organism, nor possesses toxic action.

Conducted before clinical researches of first-aid efficiency of strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus on the model of experimental toxic poisoning tetrachlormethan showed that probitoc Lactobacillus rhamnosus at reception in sufficient concentration is capable to lower disturbing influence of toxic гепатотропных substances to intestines microflora.

Studying of DNA-protective activity of the substance on the basis of living probiotical cells Lactobacillus rhamnosus in vivo, testified that daily reception of the substance “Probiotic withDNA-protective activity” during 7 days after creation of the model of sharp toxic poisoning tetrachlormethan, causes a first-aid efficiency.

New product produced from vegetable, animal and mineral raw materials of natural origin having pharmacological activity. It takes place between medical products and foodstuffs, and is ideally combined with rational therapy.